Museums of Rwanda

The institute of Museums of Rwanda comprises of 6 museums in total with headquarters in Huye district located throughout the country open for visitors throughout the year. Below are the different museums in Rwanda and the areas they focus.

What to do in Museums of Rwanda

The Ethnographic Museum – The National Museum of Rwanda, the Rwandan Museum, established in 1989, has the finest ethnographic and archaeological collections in East Africa with more than 10,000 artifacts. A landmark in Rwanda’s history, the Museum is housed in an elegant building in Huye with modern extensions. The National Museum of Rwanda is the most well-known museum in Rwanda absorbing displays of traditional artifacts and is illuminated by a fascinating selection of turn-of-the-century monochrome photographs, providing insight not only into pre-colonial lifestyles, but also into the subsequent development of Rwanda as a modern African state. The ambience of the exhibits, which range from fossil footprints to trance-inspired Twa rock paintings, lends a unique atmosphere to performances and other events held in the Museum. Using the Museum for your special events and conferences furthers awareness of Rwanda’s rich natural and cultural heritage.


Nyanza Royal Palace, Rukari, The Nyanza Royal Palace Museum, located in the Royal Area in Rukari has been painstakingly restored to its 19th century state and is now maintained as a museum and is run by the government of Rwanda. The museum located in Rukari is dedicated to King Yuhi V Musinga that had made Nyanza the royal capital of Rwanda during his reign in 1899 and is well known by many in Rwanda, and provides an interesting and insightful introduction to the origins and history, culture, lifestyles and traditional attire of the Rwanda nation. Today, a replica of the traditional Royal Palace sits at Rukari and is made entirely with traditional materials.


The Museum of Rwandan Ancient History, The Museum of Natural History of Rwanda has acted as custodian and documentation center of Rwanda’s natural heritage. The Museum of Rwandan ancient history is the only natural history museum in Rwanda and one of the largest in the country. Once the residence of King Mutara III Rudahingwa, the museum also sits at Rukari near to the Royal Palace and has been restored and offers a glimpse into Rwandan life as it once was. On the neighboring hill of Mwima, King Mutara III and his wife Queen Rosalie Gicanda are buried.


Rwesero Arts Museum: Rwesero’s premier art museum houses outstanding collections of Rwandan Art. Selections from the Permanent Collection change regularly to enable the museum to have a full programme of temporary exhibitions of paintings, works on paper, photography, sculpture, beadwork, textiles and architecture. They provide insight into the extraordinary range of aesthetic production in this country, the African continent and further afield. Located across the valley from the Museum of Rwandan Ancient History and the Nyanza Royal Palace, the Rwesero Arts Museum displays contemporary artwork which testifies to the originality of Rwandan creativity, while not overlooking either tradition or national history. The museum was originally built as a Palace for King Mutara III Rudahingwa but he passed away before occupying it. Both the Museum of Rwandan Ancient History and the Rwesero Arts Museum are located 2km from Nyanza town.


The Museum of Natural History, Discover Rwanda’s natural history as you explore the wonders at the Museum of Natural History. See ancient fossils, glittering gold, stunning artifacts, deadly mushrooms, frogs and snakes. From an eagle’s nest to the lake floor, there’s something for everyone. The Nyarugenge residence in Kigali City once occupied by German Richard Kandt has been turned into the Museum of Natural History. A scientist by profession, Richard Kandt was the first German Imperial resident in Rwanda and this museum is homage to his work.

WhEN TO VISIT Museums of Rwanda

All Year Round

HOW TO GET To Museums of Rwanda

Rwanda Art Museum is a meeting place for various forms of arts, where visitors have the opportunity to enrich their experience and get to see a lot of great works done by Rwanda’s artists.

It is a place that displays not only contemporary artworks by Rwandan artists but international artists as well. The museum aims to be a place where artists meet and exchange ideas.

It’s also a place for inspiration for every visitor, where they can exchange the experience between local artists and international artists. It’s not only to show their great work but also to sell it.